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©Bethan John

© Lee Dingain

Class: Mammalia

Order: Artiodactyla

Family: Camelidae

Scientific Name: Lama guanaco

IUCN Red List status: Least Concern

Protected by the following WLT projects:


Species Range (IUCN)


Guanacos look similar to Llamas but are larger with dense woolly fur that is dark-brown and paler underneath. They live in dry regions such as open grassland and shrub land. Like camels, guanacos can survive for long periods without drinking. Grass makes up their main diet although they also browse from trees.They live in family units with their young, which are particularly vulnerable to pumas.

Threats and Conservation

In the past the Guanaco's range was extensive. However this has been dramatically reduced due to hunting pressures and they are now limited to the highlands and foothills of the Andes. The hunting and trading of guanacos has been regulated through national and international law but sadly still continues illegally.

Help protect habitat for Guanacos: Donate to the WLT

Learn more

See IUCN Red List of Threatened Species for more information on the classification of the Guanaco. Photos of the Coastal Steppe Project (Flickr) Video: Guanaco and Patagonian Hare
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