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World Land Trust’s work in Ecuador spans the country from rainforests of the Amazon basin, dry forests towards the Pacific coast, to cloud forest and Paramo of the Andes. Despite its small size (not much bigger than the UK), the diversity of its habitats makes it the one of the most biodiverse countries in world. With 1,600 bird species, it has 17 per cent of the world's total bird species and 16,000 species of plants (25 per cent of which are endemic).

WLT is supporting conservation projects across the country in partnership with Fundacion Jocotoco, Fundación EcoMinga, Fundación ProBosque and Naturaleza y Cultura Ecuador. 


EcoMinga Pro-BosqueNCEcuadorJocotoco

Fundación EcoMinga          Fundación Pro-Bosque          Naturaleza y Cultura Ecuador          Fundación Jocotoco

Map of project areas in Ecuador

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Projects in Ecuador

Tumbesian-Andean forests are found between the Pacific Ocean and the western slopes of the Andes. Most of this region is seasonal dry forest, where many trees shed their leaves during the dry season. There are also patches shrubland, dominated by drought tolerant plants, many of which are endemic. Despite this harsh environment, dry forests remain threatened by agricultural expansion.

The Andean region is comprised of the Andean Mountains or Cordillera, from the foothills into the true montane habitats above 1,300 metres and up to the tree-line and high altitude grasslands. The varied topography and climatic conditions have fostered evolution of numerous species that are highly specialised to particular sets of very localised conditions. This gives rise to high levels of species endemism and specialisation, two traits that make species uniquely vulnerable to changes in their habitats caused by human activities.

The inter-Andean region has a very high human population density and a long history of agricultural use. Consequently, it has suffered very severe forest loss and degradation, and species extinctions. The outer flanks of the mountains still carry extensive forest tracts but are also under pressure.


The wet Chocó extends from north-western Ecuador into Colombia. The prevailing climate is warm and extremely wet, with some areas receiving up to 16,000mm rainfall each year. Humid conditions foster rapid vegetation growth and here the conditions, combined with the local geology, have led to the evolution of a huge range of species with tiny distributions, making the wet Chocó one of the Earth’s most biodiverse regions. 

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